Narsarsukite is a rare silicate mineral and gem that was described in 1900 from the locality at Narsarsuk, Greenland but not approved by the IMA until 1990. Narsarsuk is the result of agpaitic pegmatite intrusions, an unusual igneous rock that is high in alkaline metals such as sodium and poor in silica. The chemical formula of Narsarsukite is Na2(Ti, Fe)Si4(O, F)11 (Sodium Titanium Iron Silicate Fluoride) and its molecular weight is 387.19 gm.

These intrusions also contain a large number of unusual elements such as titanium, fluorine and rare earth metals. Narsarsukite is also found at Mont Saint-Hilaire (MSH), Quebec, Canada which is another agpaitic pegmatite location. MSH is probably the best location for fine Narsarsukite specimens with relatively large and well-formed crystals. Narsarsukite may also include yttrium, calcium and potassium, but they are usually not significant enough to be included in the general formula.

Narsarsukite can be found at these locations: Narssârssuk; on the Island of Igdlutalik, in the Ilímaussaq intrusion; and in the Werner Berge complex, Greenland. On Mt. Flora, Lovozero massif, Kola Peninsula; in the Murun massif, southwest of Olekminsk, Yakutia; and other less-well-defined localities in Russia. In the Oslofjord, Norway. At the Bellerberg volcano, two km north of Mayen, Eifel district, Germany. From near Whitlash, Sweetgrass Hills, Sweetgrass County, Montana; in the Diamond Jo quarry, Magnet Cove, Hot Spring County, and from Granite Mountain, near Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas, USA. At Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada. From Gouré, Damagaram, Niger. In the Sirwa massif, north of Ouarzazate, Morocco.


Category: Silicate minerals
Chemical Formula: Na2(Ti,Fe)Si4(O,F)11
  Sodium Titanium Iron Silicate Fluoride
Molecular Weight: 387.19 gm
Composition: Sodium 11.88 % Na 16.01 % Na2O
  Titanium 9.27 % Ti 15.47 % TiO2
  Iron 3.61 % Fe 5.16 % Fe2O3
  Silicon 29.02 % Si 62.07 % SiO2
  Oxygen 41.32 % O    
  Fluorine 4.91 % F 4.91 % F
      —   % F —2.07 % —O=F2
    100.00 %   100.00 % = TOTAL OXIDE


Crystallography: Tetragonal – Dipyramidal
Crystal Habit: Crystals, commonly flat tabular to equant, rarely prismatic, striated || [001], to 3 cm. In divergent, radiating groups; as fine-grained segregations, massive.
Twinning: None


Cleavage: {100} and {110}, Good
Fracture: Uneven to Sub-Conchoidal
Tenacity: Brittle
Moh’s Hardness: 7.0
Density: 2.64 – 2.83 (g/cm3)
Luminescence: None
Radioactivity: Not Radioactive


Color: Honey-Yellow to Lemon-Yellow, Reddish Brown, Brownish Gray, Tan, Pink, may be zoned; Green from inclusions
Transparency: Transparent to Translucent
Luster: Vitreous, Pearly on {110}
Refractive Index: 1.601 – 1.655  Uniaxial ( + )
Birefringence: 0.0210
Dispersion: Very high
Pleochroism: Weak; O = colorless to yellow; E = colorless to honey-yellow