Rubellite is the rare pink to red variety of Tourmaline. It is a gemmy, Lithium rich, Iron and Manganese free, variety of Tourmaline. It is primarily, but not always, Elbaite. Rubellite is one of the most popular and sought-after colors of Tourmaline and is great for setting in jewelry. It has relatively no cleavage and decent hardness so it is durable. Rubellite is available in a wide range of colors from pink to red.

Tourmaline is the name given to a family of related minerals, all having the same basic crystal structure but varying widely in chemical composition. Tourmaline comes in all colors including colorless (Achroite) and black (Schorl) with many names given to the many other colors. Piezoelectric and pyroelectric effects are present in Tourmaline.

Crystallography: Trigonal – Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Crystal Habit: Crystals prismatic to acicular, with prominent trigonal prism and pyramid, to 1.6 m, commonly hemimorphic. Also radial, fibrous, and massive.
Twinning: Rare


Cleavage: [1120] & [1011] Poor, Indistinct
Fracture: Uneven to Conchoidal
Tenacity: Brittle
Moh’s Hardness: 7.0 – 7.5
Density: 3.06 – 3.08 (g/cm3)
Luminescence: Weak
Radioactivity: Not Radioactive
Other: Piezoelectric, pyroelectric


Color: Red, Reddish Pink, Pink
Transparency: Transparent to Translucent
Luster: Vitreous to Resinous
Refractive Index: 1.623 – 1.657  Uniaxial ( – )
Birefringence: 0.031
Dispersion: 0.017
Pleochroism: Dark pinkish red to pink